Pete would call this a DiFX: a transceiver that is Different from a BITX. This started with my effort to get an Si5351 working with a little 1 inch square OLED screen. Tom Hall AK2B helped me with the software (thanks Tom). Once I got that done, I figured I could build a simple receiver with a homebrew 11 MHz crystal filter, two NE602 chips, and an LM386 AF amplifier. That was working great, then Pete told me to turn it into a transceiver. I used some of Pete's boards (thanks Pete). The Epiphyte transceivers also use two NE602's, but they ingeniously switch the BFO and VFO between the two chips. I didn't switch the oscillators -- instead I switched the inputs and outputs of the two chips using two DPDT relays (thanks Jim). A third DPDT relay switches the antenna between T and R, and turns on and off the PA stage and the AF amplifier. This is a DIFX, but there is some BITX circuitry in there. The power amplifier stages are right out of the BITX Module, as is the AF amplifier (thank again Farhan). The only real problem I ran into had to do with the very low power out of the NE602 VFO mixer on transmit and the impedance matching between the NE602 and the PA chain. I had to increase the gain on the first RF amp (pre-driver) using ideas from Steve Weber's 40 meter SSB CW QST contest rig (thanks Steve). I experimented with various connections between the NE602 and the BP filter. Finally I got it going. The heat sink on this one is different too: it is just the chassis. The IRF 510 is bolted (insulated) to the aluminum box. I fired it up this afternoon and in spite of horrible conditions on 40, quickly had a nice rag chew with KJ4ZMV in Indiana. I haven't even built a mic amp yet! I am running the D-104 right into the NE602 balance modulator. There are no signs of unwanted modulation or spurs. FB! TRGHS! VIVE LA DIFFERENCE!
I had in my files somewhere this great article by Joseph Carr K4IPV about the design of ham band VFOs, but then I lost it. Yesterday I found it, but the paper copy was in bad shape. Internet to the rescue! Here it is. Go to page 79. http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-Poptronics/90s/93/PE-1993-07.pdf There is a follow-up article the following month, on page 78: http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-Poptronics/90s/93/PE-1993-08.pdf Something I heard on 75 meter AM this morning may have gotten me thinking about VFOs: I hear that International Crystals is going out of business. That might be the last manufacturer willing to make bespoke crystals. If that is true, that has big implications for homebrewers. We will now have to build stable VFOs or succumb to the siren song of the digi synthesizers. "L and C FOREVER!"
Joe Carr K4IPV mad so many contributions to the radio art. I have several of his books. He had a real talent for explaining circuits. Sadly, I find very little information about him on the internet. I know he lived in the same Virginia town that I live in. Does anyone know anything else about Joe Carr? http://forums.qrz.com/index.php?threads/joseph-carr-ki4pv-silent-key.50027/
This was very cool. I got on 40 SSB this afternoon with my trusty Digi-Tia. I heard a station saying he was running 5 watts... Hmm, could that be a BITX40? Indeed it was. And it was the Peppermint Bark BITX 40 of Bruce KC1FSZ that we featured a few weeks ago. He was up in Boston. K3MY was kind enough to let us have the frequency. Bruce and I had a nice contact. He told me he is working on a completely scratch-built BITX. FB. TRGHS.
First, I'd like to thank the many, many radio amateurs who sent in e-mails demanding that our friend Pete Juliano stay in the QRP Hall of Fame. Their outrage at his expulsion was palpable. They were angry and fired up. Many compared Pete Juliano to baseball great Pete Rose (who also got expelled from a Hall of Fame). They wrote to us from all around the globe. Several saw the action against Pete as yet another example of the deep divisions that are affecting modern society -- several saw it as being connected to our recent Presidential election, and/or BREXIT. Some writers took a diplomatic approach and tried to suggest ways that this ugly conflict might be ended -- one fellow suggested that Pete try to redeem himself by agreeing to enter some kind of QRP 12 Step Program. Others got legalistically combative and said we should just "lawyer-up."
A number of our correspondents took note of the seasonal nature of these kinds of events. Who can forget the April move a few years back by the New Jersey State Legislature to ban the use of soldering irons in the home? "This kind of thing always seems to happen in the Spring-time!" said one irate Juliano surrogate, "It is like Shakespeare wrote: 'Beware the Ides of March' -- only two weeks later!" Another ham also spotted the seasonal nature of these stories and quoted from T.S. Elliott's poem "The Wasteland": "April is the cruelest month, especially the first day!" We must point out that not all those who wrote were opposed to Pete's expulsion -- one writer said, "It is about time that that Pete "KW" Juliano got what he deserved! Good riddance!" (We have sent this e-mail to one of Pete's Italian-American relatives in New Jersey for, uh, action.) Several of those who wrote in support of Pete are prominent members of the amateur radio community (they will -- if they follow our instructions -- remain anonymous.) One activist supporter said that Pete's expulsion should lead to a street protest movement called "Pete's Award Matters" and that the chant at demonstrations could be "NO JULIANO, NO PEACE!" Kind of catchy don't you think?
Anyway, we sincerely hope you have ALL figured out what was going on here. For those who have not, and for all those who wrote in, let me complete the tradition by saying it: "April Fool!" We'd like to thank all who participated in this long-standing amateur radio tradition. Special thanks to Preston Douglas and the QRP-ARCI for putting up with all this. (Tony Fishpool told us that he knew this couldn't be real, because someone as nice as Preston Douglas would NEVER expel anyone.)
Thanks to Steve N8NM for sending this along. He said it seems to be crying out for a synthesized VFO -- I disagree,of course. I like the filter arrangement -- one crystal at 455 kHz, two tune-able IF cans and a phasing control. This seems like a good way to get both AM selectivity (broad) while still having the ability to narrow the bandpass for SSB. The builder did a great job. Does anyone know who he is?
I continue to peruse the stack of Electric Radio magazines that Armand WA1UQO gave me last month. Great stuff. I'm really struck by how much of our ham radio history is captured in the pages of ER... and nowhere else. This is a resource that should be protected. In the last podcast I shared a few lines from the "Amateur Radio SSB -- The First Fifty Years" series or articles. Today at lunch time I was reading the March 1994 issue, there was an article by Don Meadows N6DM entitled "A Homebrew CW Receiver." From the last paragraph: "This homebrew receiver as the main station receiver until 1975... In 1989 the homebrew receiver was finally mothballed... In its place I acquired an imported box that does everything. This box is friendly and cooperative, but I have no rapport with its soul. When it ultimately falters, it will need to be cured in the manufacturers sanitarium for sick gear instead of on my own workbench. I've always been proud of this homebrew receiver. It did its job exceedingly well. Retrieving recently this old friend from storage for photographs, cleaning out the dust and dead insects, inspecting its wiring up close -- all this evoked fond memories."
Very cool video. We have visited VE7ZWZ's amazing shack before. This time he takes us inside a BIG commercial AM transmitter that he has modified for use on the amateur bands. I know that he had the plate voltage turned off, but I still felt myself cringing when he reached up to touch the plate connectors on those enormous thermatrons. The filaments were on, adding to my unease. Dude, don't do that! And if you are standing INSIDE the transmitter, keeping one hand behind your back might not be as beneficial as it normally would be. His comments on his VFO were interesting. I was kind of disappointed that he went with a varactor circuit. A varactor? Amidst all those bread slicer variable caps? It just doesn't seem right. (And BTW they are bread slicers, NOT "potato slicers.") But I kind of liked the heater--thermistor--insulation set up that keeps the VFO at constant temperature. I thought it was interesting that these transmitters were kept on, with the tubes glowing for years at a time. Thanks Mr. Carlson, for another great video!
This site provides the kind of info we need when working with toroids. It even tells you the length of wire to cut. It links to the W8DIZ "Toroid King" website, but I can't really tell if this site is the work of DIZ himself. In any case, very useful. We award this site our coveted rating of "Five Soldering Irons."
I think Mike's video does a good job of showing what it is really like to get on the air with simple, homebrew QRP gear. It takes some patience and operating skill. I guess it is sort of like fly fishing (with home made lures); there are easier ways to catch fish, but they are not as rewarding.
Fred's idea really resonated with me. My first SSB rig was an HW-32A, the 20 meter version of the rig shown above. If -- as I suspect -- these rigs are anything like the HW-101, they are not aging well. Heath's drive for economy resulted in rigs that don't hold up to well over time. I remember the sound of the plastic HW-101 dial clutch cracking when I pushed the button. BITX40 Modules to the rescue! Put a mono-band board inside an old mono-band rig. There are a lot of possibility here. Some ideas: -- Put that Heath VFO to use. Maybe convert it to solid state. Or just put the LCD from an Si5351 in the window (Pete did this with an HW-101). -- Get the S-Meter wiggling. -- Keep the final amplifier circuitry in there and let the BITX drive it. This will give you a QRO option. (Uh oh, we're in trouble again!)
Attached is a picture of my BITX-40 V3 adapted to a Heath kit Single Bander HW22. This is a work in progress but what a neat way to bring an old boat anchor into the present.
The only parts of the HW 22 used were the front panel and case and knobs. Modifications yet to be incorporated include: AGC , a USB port on the front panel to access the Arduino, and a PTT/CW mode switch.
I enjoy your pod cast and web site…Best of 73 KC5RT.
The ham radio day got off to a good start at N2CQR yesterday. 40 meters was open in the morning and PV8AL was calling CQ. Helio had a strong signal, due in large part to his 3 element 40 meter yagi. Helio lives on a farm outside Boa Vista, Brazil. As he spoke, I could clearly hear the roosters crowing in the Amazonian dawn. Very cool. It brought me back to mornings in the Dominican Republic, and in Central America. It also reminded me of one of my first DSB contacts from the Azores -- I could hear the parakeets of Amadeu CT2HGL in Coimbra, Continental Portugal.Obrigado Helio! Obrigado Amadeu!
That's a beautiful graph, don't you think? In addition to the very pleasing results, I liked Bob's methods: the "by hand" collection of the data points using an AD9850, a 'scope and a notepad (see below); the filing down of ceramic disc caps; the use of nail polish hardener -- all this adds a definite artisanal element to this project and puts more soul in the new machine. Like Bob, I too kind of bailed out on the Q calculation when I was doing this. But as I recall there is a variation on the G3UUR method that yields this parameter too, right?
Bill: I'm reluctant to share this with you because the results appear too good. I've attached a graph showing my four crystal, 11Mhz filter measurements. The graphed points are read values using my AD9850 DDS VFO feeding to a TEK scope.
A TIA amp was used for input and output of the filter. My development software was the Steder-Hardcastle software as presented in November 2009, QEX.
I am now practiced in the black art of filing off the tops of disc ceramic caps to "adjust" their values. This black art also involves the mysterious qualities of Sally Hansen Nail Hardener. Let me share my method for developing the filter.
I've built CW filters before but this was my first effort at SSB bandwidth which is less forgiving.
The G3UUR oscillator method (see page 3.19 in EMRFD) is a simple and effective filter design method. but it does not provide a measure for crystal Q, a value which impacts filter insertion loss.
So I decided to choose crystals with proven pedigree. These were 11 Mhz crystals from Mouser, part number 20-HCA1100-S. A lot of ten costs $5. These were the crystals selected by Jim Kortge, K8IQY, for use in his 2N2/20 rig.
For software, I use the Dishal package that can be downloaded from the ARRL and other sources. This package was the basis for the Steder-Hardcastle article in November 2009, QEX. The "Xtal" pull down menu provides entries for an individual G3UUR oscillator.
Simply put, all critical filter input values are generated by reading the change in crystal frequency as an additional capacitor is added into the oscillator circuit.
I suggest starting with a 4 crystal filter. Only two capacitor values were required for my filter. Five capacitors were required--two series and three shunt.
Start by reading the "open switch" frequency for each crystal. Sort the crystals into increasing frequency order and choose the four with the most narrow frequency span.
Using the pull down menu measure the individual crystal measures for Lm, Cm, and series frequency. Average these across the four crystals.
The Lm or Cm and series frequency are placed into the Dishal software main menu. Also enter the average Cp which is the measured capacitance across the crystal leads.
Finish up the main menu entries by entering the number of crystals (4), and the desired bandwidth--generally 2.4 to 2.9 Khz. Finally enter the acceptable ripple, which is often 0.1db.
Let the software calculate the filter values. Expect some odd capacitance values. By changing the filter bandwidth--say from 2.4 Khz to 2.35 Khz I can move one of the capacitance values to a standard value.
The software also displays the input and output impedance. If the filter is centered between two TIA amps, this filter impedance must be transformed to 50 ohms in the amps. This provides the transformer winding ratios.
The Dishal software has always given me good results. But I haven't compared its results to Ladpac--especially GPLA.
Oh man, run -- don't walk -- to the N6QW blog and check out Pete's amazing 60 meter DIFX transceiver. DifX is another N6QW contribution to the lexicon: it refers to a transceiver that has an architecture DifFERENT from that of our beloved BITXs. Pete means no disrespect to the BITX -- he just sees the value in sometimes doing something different. I understand this completely -- I myself am on my FIFTH BITX (three scratch-built and two modules) and definitely felt the need to do something different. (That's why I built the OLED NE602 rig.) Once again Pete Juliano shows himself to be a man ahead of his time: Anticipating FCC approval of a VFO tune-able segment in the band, Pete has made Channel 3 on his rig tunable with a rotary encoder. Hopefully, we will all soon need this. Pete is already there. FB OM.
Hello Bill and Pete, Thanks for the podcast! My normal occupation is more computers and software but your podcast got me motivated to melt some solder. So I want to share a bit of what has been cooking on my bench. I used to have a Yaesu FT-450 but sold it - I am living in a tiny rental apartment in France without any place where to put a proper antenna so it was only collecting dust. And where is the fun in operating a factory-made rig, right? So I have been working on this instead: http://janoc.rd-h.com/archives/541 This "al fresco" rig is "half-DigiTIA". Half because there is no transmitter part (I don't have a French license and I am too lazy to do the paperwork and convert my Slovak one). The purple modules are TIAs, as designed by Wes Hayward, using 3x 2n3904s, only built using SMD components to keep them small and tidy. VFO & BFO are Si5351 + ATMega328, with an OLED module and code adapted from Pete N6QW. It uses 11.997450 MHz IF because that's where most of my 12MHz crystals actually matched. The 40m bandpass filter is taken verbatim from the BitX 40 design - I have only changed the coils to use toroids instead. For audio I have used LM386 with a NE5532 opamp as a low noise preamp because the audio was a bit low. The TIAs don't have a lot of gain and I have only an indoor magnetic loop for antenna so had to compensate for it. I have another, a bit older project that became quite popular - firmware for the AD9850 DDS VFOs using an Arduino and a character LCD. It is a much improved replacement for the one from Richard, AD7C. http://janoc.rd-h.com/archives/502 Perhaps it could be useful to someone. Keep up the good work and 73! Jan OM2ATC (at the moment "in exile" in France)
Ernesto Marquez alerted me to the offerings of CRKITS -- Chinese Radio Kits:
http://crkits.com/ Their Si5351-Arduino Pro Mini "sandwich" is quite interesting. Here is a video on the device:
I must say, that nice little sandwich seems to be crying out for an organic slice of OLED.... How about it Adam?
While there is, of course, an enormous amount of electronics coming out of China, I haven't seen much that comes from actual Chinese radio amateurs. But CRKITS is the work of a real Chinese ham. Adam Rong (Rong Xinhua) BD6CR seems like a very interesting fellow. From qsl.net:
Adam Rong (Chinese name: Rong Xinhua), BD6CR/4 was first licensed in 1996 while in university in Hefei, Anhui province and now holds Class 2 Chinese amateur radio license (FCC Amateur General license equivalent). After graduation from university, he moved to Shanghai and call sign changed to BD6CR/4 in July 2003. Adam is now living in Pudong new district with his XYL and their son. Adam holds a Master of Engineering degree in computer architecture and is an Engineering Program Manager in computer hardware industry. In spare time, Adam has written a lot about ham radio for magazines and papers, mainly about QRP, homebrew projects, APRS (Automatic Packet / Position Reporting System) and ham radio software applications. Adam has also translated two ARRL's books into Chinese for Post and Telecom Press in China, including part of the ARRL Handbook and ARRL's Low Power Communication: The Art and Science of QRP by Rich Arland, K7SZ. You can contact Adam by email, or track Adam's real time position on Google map by clicking this link.
The rig is loosely based on the Hallicrafters SR-160 transceiver, since I'm using a RD16HHF1 in the final RF, I'm calling it the SR-16. It's a tri-band rig covering 80, 40 and 20m. Architectually, it's similar to Pete's JBOM, which is partially coincidental (thanks for sharing the article, Pete!) The heart of the rig is the W7ZOI hybrid-cascode IF, a really slick circuit that really makes the rig a joy to use.
Frequency generation is handled by the ubiquitous Arduino/Si5351 combo and a sketch based on Tom, AK2B's "Multi Function VFO", to which I added functions for selecting the appropriate bandpass and IF filters, generating CW, RIT, and dual VFOs (with split functionality), the state of which is saved in EEPROM when the rig is powered-down.
The rig's just about finished - I've got the remaining parts ordered and hope to have it on-the-air soon.
Jim's experience with the Android tablet SDR was very similar to mine. But he used a "Ham It Up" up converter ahead of the RTL-SDR while I used an RTL-SDR modified for direct sampling of HF. I built a pre-amp/pre-selector stage for mine. On my Android Tablet (50 bucks via Amazon) I found the touch screen to be kind of clunky -- it was hard to get the receive passband lined up with the incoming signal. The touch screen was not nearly as smooth as the one on my IPhone. A Bluetooth mouse solved that problem. Like Jim, I am using SDRtouch from the GooglePlay. I'll have to follow his lead and try Droid RTTY and PSK. My reaction to the completed project was also similar to Jim's: He writes that this is, "The first and last of my SDR adventures. This is just not the same as scratch building!" Indeed, it is not. But still, for very little money you end up with a pretty impressive receive capability, and you get some valuable insight into an intriguing method of receiving radio signals. And you don't have to mess with Linux! I have a question for the SDR gurus: With direct sampling, we are just running an ADC at RF. So we no longer need an I-Q front end to take care of the image problem we had when we were running soundcard-based SDRs, right? But I sometimes I hear that even with direct sampling systems, there is a digital generation of I and Q signals. Why would you need I and Q if you are just digitizing the incoming passband, multiplexing it, and sending it to the software? Hi Guys OK, so I am a little (A LOT) behind you guys in my bench work. Several unfinished projects are waiting in the wings. But I thought I would also dabble in Software Defines Radios. Thought I would go the Raspberry Pi route as Pete did. Then I woke up and sided with Bill. I don’t want to learn Linux!! For about the same price as a Pi-3 and a 7” screen I bought one of Bills Android tablets and I found on eBay an estate sale that had a bag of NuElec parts. The RTL dongle, a Ham it Up vs. 3, and several cables, all unused. Last but not least I bought an Android ‘On the Go’ USB cable adapter. I removed the LED and UV diode for the remote to drop the current some. Then tapped some power off the USB connector and ran it out to the Ham it Up. A few holes and some double sided carpet tape and ‘Bobs Your Uncle”. I added an enable switch to the up converter for the noise source but still waiting for the SMA connector to come in. Then I’ll see what that can do as a poor man’s spectrum analyzer for filter design. I found several interesting apps on GooglePlay. Besides the SDRTouch program I downloaded Droid PSK and RTTY. Also the RFCorb client that allows you to connect to hundreds of remote stations around the world. That I may have to spend some time exploring but not really part of this build. The Up Converter fired right up and after tuning around some I jumped to 14.070, the PSK hot spot. The tablet truly does multitask. I left SDRTouch running and opened Droid PSK. A waterfall full of signals jumped up and I was easily copying stations on the East coast and Canada. All this running on the USB power from the tablet! How cool is that. After about 45 minutes or so the battery was about half. The only problem that I may have to address is that the tablet and/or the Ham it Up gets pretty warm and my carpet tape lets go and things fall apart. HA. Haven’t ran it long enough yet to see what else the heat might effect. So that was fun and I will be playing with it some more. I have coffee on Mondays with some ham buddy’s. When I showed them the PopCorn radio they jibbed about it not being battery powered. Well Monday is coming!! HA Jim WA7HRG
I started off the build and both Bryan and Pete supported me along the way, thank you!
So here we have it:
The design slowly deviated further and further from the original, but I think I learned quite a lot by starting to make it “my own”.
The Arduino was changed to an UNO, yeah they are clunky and big, but I was not shooting for a pocket-size anyway… and they do have a proper USB port.
The RF-path is now switched by a relay straight after the filter, when the relay is relaxed the antenna is connected to the mixer, when I touch a paddle it connects to the TX circuit.
I have a short hang time from the last key input and it goes back to RX, VOX Delay I guess.
I completed the 700Hz bandpass filter, boy! this makes it a much nicer rig to work CW, I originally I skipped this filter for no good reason? That is the board standing up in the picture.
The TX circuit is a two stage, the first stage is a replica of VK3YE beach40 amplifier circuit, that also uses DB139. The second stage is a spin of the EMRFD Page 2.38 IRF511 Amp.
I have cranked it up to 17w, but it gets too hot too fast, as you can see I don’t have any proper cooling yet, I need to redo this board and plan for the heatsink a bit better.. it is now set around 10w, still getting hot, "599 TU 73”.
To be honest my CW does not go much further anyway, but I guess with this radio now completed I have one more reason to get my speed up.
I use for convenience both CLK0 and CLK1, when I go into TX I switch off CLK0 and do the keying on CLK1, both transmitter stages are powered up the whole time (until I stop keying as described above)
As the 700Hz filter worked so superb, I decided that I wanted to introduce “modes” to the rig, I can now switch the audio either thru the filters (CW) or straight to the AF amp (AM).
I do enjoy listening around, and we have a lot of AM stations on offer in my region.
I kept the smart RX mute transistor circuit and when I ask the Arduino to change mode, it will mute the receiver quickly, pull the relay and then un-mute again, no ear pain from the loud relay click. (I am happy with that detail).
The 2 line display became a four line, and I can change Tuning Rate, RIT, Key Speed and Mode by using only the encoder and the one button built into the encoder.
The front panel sports, on off, Headphones, Paddle and volume, the display and the big knob.
Power connector and USB Port on the side. I did complete the CAT control changes while working on this radio, it now uses the classic Kenwood interface e.g. TS480. (A lot fewer questions from the PC to answer.)
The CAT control works very nice while using N1MM, it works a lot less nice using CQRLog, I guess it has to do with the number of times the software in the PC is asking about things from the radio.
I will look into logic to only worry about incoming serial requests if I have not answered for some time, and never answer while in TX…
By pressing the VFO button a small arrow appears next to TR, if I push again it moves the arrow down to RIT and so on.
if I turn the knob with the arrow standing in front of e.g. KEY it will increase or decrease the KEY speed, when I press again, it will return to frequency control.
Oh, another detail (that I am happy with) while the arrow is in front of the KEY, you can fiddle with the paddle with out transmitting.. practical for testing the speed.
So this is a K4GC transceiver with bits and pieces from VK3YE and bits from the A65DC laboratory in Dubai, truly international.
To trim things in I scheduled a QSO with a local ham here, and things worked very nice, later the same night I made my first “DX” contact with RM2D!!! Moscow!!
What are the odds that a Swedish guy living in the UAE makes the first contact to another Swedish ham who lives in Russia!
Here's an update on my BITX 60 project. The modified module is in the lower box. An Arduino Uno and an Si5351 (this one with unreleased smoke) is in the Heath QF-1 box on the top. I am using an Arduino sketch written by Don ND6T. It spits out the needed 17 MHz LO freq needed for each of the five 60 meter channels. You can scroll through the channels by just holding down the rotary switch interrupt button. There is a move afoot to liberate from channelization about 15 kHz of the 60 meter band. When that happens, I'm ready to go -- I'll just reconnect the rotary encoder for the Si5351 and load some new code. I suspect that by the time that happens, Don will have modified his code so that the 15kHz "tunable" segment will be integrated into the current program and will appear as one of the options as you scroll through the choices. For reasons that most readers will understand, I have resisted channelization for many years. But here I am, channelized on 60. It is not so bad. I'm having fun listening to a new band, using a modified BITX, an Arduino, a bit of Heathkit and code from a fellow ham.
Inspired by Don ND6T, I decided to put a BITX40 Module on the 60 Meter band. All you really have to do is modify the bandpass filter. Don showed us how to do this by simply adding three 100pf caps. I was going to order SMD caps, but this just didn't seem right -- I found three of the old "with wires" kind and easily soldered them into position. The bandpass shifted as Don had promised. You also have to change the VFO freq. You need it to be in the 17.3 MHz range. Don has a nifty program for the Raduino that also works with the Si5351/Ardunio Uno combo that I use. It keeps you on the five channels currently authorized on 60. Unfortunately I managed to let the smoke out of yet another innocent Si5351 breakout board. Amazon and Lady Ada are sending me another one, but in the meantime I pressed into service an old AD9850 DDS. I had a little trouble getting the 17MHz signal through the BITX's VFO 4 MHz VFO system, but I eventually figured it out. (More on this later.) The receiver is working nicely. I like the relaxed 60 meter conversations.
Not by me, thank God! No, the five years of Rasp Pi maso-tinkering were done by Thorin Klowsowski. His report appears here: http://lifehacker.com/what-i-ve-learned-from-tinkering-with-the-raspberry-pi-1793236686 In the second and third paragraph, he confirmed all my suspicions: The Raspberry Pi is far, far away from being as user friendly as a PC or Mac. That’s a feature, not a bug... Before hobbyists latched onto the Raspberry Pi, it was a computer for learning how to code targeted mainly at kids. Since then, the appeal has broadened, but it’s still impossible for a project to “just work” out of the box. You will have to tweak something, dig into the command line, or spend a few hours buried in an obscure internet forum to find solutions to problems that only you seem to be having. You will slam your head against the wall, yell a little, and throw your Raspberry Pi at least once for every project you attempt to make. I told you so.
Can’t say enough good things about your podcast - thanks for all that you do. I’m a fairly new ham and have been trying to go the home-brew route as much as possible.
I bought a BITX40 module (pre Raduino vintage) and added my own VFO board using the usual parts. Actually, I’m using a Teensy 3.2 instead of an Arduino because it is a faster part and has a lot of DSP functions built into it that I’m using for digital mode stuff. But it’s the same basic idea.
My BITX40 is not as photogenic as some of the others, but I sent a picture below. This is the “biscuit tin” variety. It’s was funny actually: a co-worker of mine stopped by my office around Christmas to give me a gift and pulled out of his bag a very nice box of “peppermint bark” candies with a ribbon around it. The VERY FIRST thing that crossed my mind the instant I saw the gift was …. BITX40 ENCLOSURE! He must have been pleased to see the huge smile that came across my face. :-) I’ve been bitten by the bug for sure.
My first three HF QSOs (ever) where on the BITX and were all very interesting:
First real QSO of my life was with KE4TJB “air-born mobile” off Delaware. He is a commercial pilot flying for JetBlue and apparently has time to work QRP stations during flights?? I wonder who was flying the plane?
Then I was scanning around this morning and caught K4HW making last calls for check-ins on a net running on 7242 out of North Carolina. I decided to give it a shot, having never joined an HF net and I was recognized! As the first round got going I realized I had joined a Jehovah’s Witnesses net. They were very friendly and the net control stopped to help my get my frequency calibrated before they continued with the scripture passage for the week.
Later this morning I reached K3KLC in Maryland who had the high-end SDR rig with the waterfall/panadaptor/etc. Remembering comments that you guys have made about these types of folks on 40m, I was very concerned. But this guy turned out to be very helpful and sent me some screen shots showing what my signal looks like.
Bill, Pete: I wanted to update you on my DC receiver progress. While I'm still operationally proficient in CW, many of my friends are not. So I thought it would be fun to add a CW decoder to my DC receiver.
In my research for a solution, I ran across a sweet decoder I thought might be of interest to the SolderSmoke listeners. OZ1JHM developed a totally software based decoder for Arduino that uses the Goertzel Algorithm. This algorithm performs similarly to a Fast Fourier Transform but only for tone decoding at specific frequencies. This limitation keeps the code small and fast making it perfect for microcontrollers like the Arduino.
I was able to hack Hjalmar's code into mine and the result is CW decoder functionality in the receiver with no additional hardware! But, the Arduino Uno's performance is limited so I need to dynamically switch between receiver VFO/control code and the CW decoder in order to preserve real-time performance. This is only my first pass so perhaps I will find a way to optimize the code to more fully integrate the two. I currently switch back and forth based on whether the VFO knob has been rotated or is idle. This at least gives the illusion of real-time integration but makes it harder to tune in a signal for the decoder.
Now that the Arduino Zero is available, I've been considering moving that direction to dramatically improve available horsepower. This isn't the first time I've run out of gas with the Uno. Now it's time to start working on a transmitter module for the radio :). You know, even though I have an operational K3, I find myself reaching for this radio first. Something magical about using something you've created :). But hey, preaching to the choir!
(Link to video appears below.) Stephen G7VFY sent me the link to Mike WU2D's Retro-QRP video. In the last month spoken to Mike at least twice on 40 and 75 meter AM. Stephen was responding to a post I did about a 1958 18 milliwatt solid state QRP rig.
Mike's video is really wonderful. I've never been into military surplus, but this video made me think I might want an ARC-5. The rig Mike builds and tests is very similar to our beloved Michigan Mighty Mite. His description of the build and the testing procedures he used will be of great interest to those who've built the MMM rigs. And he made some contacts. Finally, there is a cameo appearance by Paris Hilton. And she is holding a HOT transistor! Wow!
Mike has a real talent for making these kinds of videos. Thanks a lot Mike -- see you on 40. And thanks Stephen (Stephen has sent us so much great stuff over the years, including a fantastic box of British valves.) Pete: See how nice it is to get back to QRP? Here's Mike's YouTube Channel. I love the intro: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCN7RQv_qmzhzuJV1HhJ4OEA
SolderSmoke 194 is available (scroll down for link) March 4, 2017
BIG NEWS: uBITX from Farhan
BENCH REPORTS Pete: Recycling Old Boards Working on Arduinos and advanced displays
Bill: SDR Adventures and Misadventures. RTL-SDR is fun. Built HB front end. HDSDR under Windows is fun and easy. Thought about Raspi3, 7 inch touch screen, Linux, software YUCK. Followed advice of Ken G4IIB and got a 50 buck tablet with Google Play.
Who needs tiny OLEDs? Use a 7 inch tablet as your display!
Building a Ceramic Resonator for the HRO 455 kc filter The value of doing something different. Boxed up my NE602 OLED rig. OLED noise and ACTIVE decoupling. NE602 and MOSFET tips
LEXICON: OTD Obsessive Tinkering Disorder G6LBQ "A Thing of Beauty" Source of Tombstoning term: Don ND6T. Ken G4IIB’s extremely smooth audio.
ON THE AIR: On AM on 75 and 40. Fun. Old Military Radio Net and "The Lonely Guy Net" on 75 Saturday morning. Good old 17 meters. Open at mid-day HB2HB on 40 with W0PWE. Listening on 60
Hambrew magazines disappeared, but are back now. EMRFD Classic Edition available New Posts to BITX HACKS
MAILBAG: Gloves follow-up. Not a good idea. VK3YE’s QRP by the Bay event and a new book! Colin M1BUU achieves Mountaingoat status Martin A65DC JoO MMM in the UAE Tom NY2RF Editorial with mention of JoO! Lots of Al Fresco rigs: W8LM BITX on a board, Brad WA8WDQ DC RX, KA4KXX Al Fresco OZ DSB ON6UU DSB from Spain via Belguim Hugh ZL1UEM SMALL Si5351 OLED Cookie Tin rigs VK2EMU’s Biscuit Tin DC RX, WA7HRG’s Popcorn rig VK4FFAB FB LTSPICE intro Ken G4IIB’s BITX adventure (with VERY smooth audio. How smooth? We can’t say.) VU2XE’s BITX with a CAD box G0ETP’s shockingly beautiful SDR receiver Alan W2AEW on the mend with broken ankle. His videos are a treasure trove of tribal knowledge.
From the earliest BITX articles, Farhan has encouraged the use of discarded cookie or candy boxes. Jim's popcorn box is clearly in this tradition. There is also, of course, a connection to the idea of using simple "popcorn" transistors.
by Jim Purvis WA7HRG
While celebrating Christmas and a Birthday at Disneyland in Dec., my wife and I enjoyed a box of popcorn during one of the many parades. It was too nice a box to toss in the trash so I brought it home. It kicked around the QTH a few weeks until I caught the BitX40 v.3 fever. Wow, just enough room for the BitX and a few hacks, and the project was on. And a very neat way to remember our good time at Disneyland.
I decided on several hacks and mods and made a list. In the end I settled for less. Hihi
1.Switchable 5 or 20 watts out.
2.Single power supply. 24 volt PA with a 13 volt regulator for the rest of the radio.
3.Dual band. 40 and 20 meters.
4.SSB and digital mode operation. Built in audio interface and sound card.
5.A tune function for antenna adjustments.
6.On screen S-Meter.
7.2.2” color TFT display. Because I can display more information and it’s just cool. The Radino it came with was set aside for another project.
I had a 24V 5amp laptop power supply as the base supply. I used two 7812 regulators in parallel and an aluminum plate heatsink and raised the common a little above ground for a 13 volt output. I could then switch that between 24V for the PA. Regulators get a bit warm when using them in the 5 watt position so most operation will be at 20 watts.
Dual band operation was soon abandoned simply do to space limitations in the box. I had no room for additional BPF and LPF.
The audio interface not only provides ground isolation and level control between the PC and the radio it also provides a VOX operation for digital modes. The digi software can provide the PSK (or other modes) audio on the left audio channel and a continuous tone on the right. I use this for the VOX operation. A ‘thumb drive’ size USB sound card provides the connection to the PC with just one cable.
Antenna tune function was provided by a version of Pete’s LBS method and I just used a small relay and a push button to activate PTT and to unbalance the balanced modulator.
The S-Meter proved problematic for me. I might not have had it if not for help and advice from Pete. It may not be accurate but provides a good relative signal strength indication. And looks very cool!
The DDS is a quagmire of several different sketches and some of my own coding. This was my first adventure into actually coding the sketch from (almost) scratch. I am sure I am very close to the maximum times you can program an Arduino as my “Guess and Test” method of coding became very arduous. All switching of mode, power and other functions are done at DC allowing me to use that as inputs on the NANO to change DDS function and displays.
All and all I am very pleased with the way it turned out. Not sure what I’ll do about losing 20 meters. Hmmm guess I’ll just have to build another radio. J
Front cover. Upper Right
corner is the Digi/SSB switch. Tuning and vol are at the bottom. All
controls and switches were located, sometimes in odd places, to retain the
graphics of the box.
In the lid. Upper left
corner is the digi/SSB switch and across the top is the audio interface
ckts. TFT is in the middle Right. Below that is the 3.3v level
shifter and encoder. On the heat sink are two 7812 regulators in parallel.
I raised the common a little above ground for 13v out. Far left is the vol
control and S-Meter amp and det ckt.
The main chassis. Across the back
left to right are power input, spk jack, mic/PTT jack, ant connector, and 5/20
watt switch. Far right is the PA heat sink. A 1x.5x4" aluminum bar.
It's what I had... Lower right corner is the tune push button and if you look
close in the upper left corner of the main board is a mini relay glued to the
board near the bal modulator. That unbalances the modulator and provides a carrier
for antenna tuning. Upper left of the box below the power connector is the USB
Sound Card for the PC interface. And a couple extra input wires I ended up not
using. Below that is the standard Nano and si5351.
Last but not least is the 2.2" TFT. All
functions power, mode, etc., are DC switched. I also use that as inputs
to the Nano for display changes. I sense the 12 v relay voltages and through a
voltage divider to input pins.
It has been a fun project and I can continue to play with
it, but I think its time to button it up and use it a little.
It's back to my General Coverage Rec that I started but
In response to popular demand, "SolderSmoke -- Global Adventures in Wireless Electronics" is now available as an e-book for Amazon's Kindle.
Here's the site:
For the print version:
For shipping from a printer in the U.S. (probably better for N. American buyers) Click here: SolderSmoke USA Version
For shipping from a printer in the UK, Spain, or the USA (probably better for UK and other European buyers)
Click here: SolderSmoke EU Version
The two versions are identical, except for a minor difference in the paper used. That's why the prices are a bit different.
Bill's OTHER Book (Warning: Not About Radio)
Click on the image to learn more
W4HBK's QRSS Grabber: The Amazing Pensacola Snapper (Live!)